Shreveport is one of the saddest cities in the U.S. and Louisiana is the saddest state in the country, according to a study tracking the sentiments off Twitter users based on the words they use.
CNN reports that researchers at the University of Vermont "sifted through more than 10 million geotagged tweets from 2011 to map out the moods of Americans in urban areas. They ranked the locations based on frequency of positive and negative words using the Mechanical Turk Language Assessment word list.
The list includes 10,000 words that have been rated on a scale 1 to 10 according to how "happy" they are. On the lower end of the scale are negative words such as mad, hate, no, boo, smoke and jail, as well as a colorful and thorough assortment of expletives.
Happy words include the omnipresent LOL and haha, as well as good, nice, sleep and wine, and food or beach related words. According to the list, rainbow is one of the happiest words and earthquake is one of the saddest."
While some we spoke with didn't seem to find the results surprising, others disagreed with findings of the survey.
"Louisiana is at the bottom of everything. It's not like we should be surprised," said Nancy Jane Karam, a resident who said she had lived in Shreveport off and on since birth. "I hate that we have such a stigma like that."
"I moved here from Florida. I like it here better," said another resident.
Florida was considered one of the happiest states on the list. The happiest: Hawaii. Napa, California was found to be the happiest city.
Behind Louisiana, Mississippi, Maryland, Michigan and Delaware ranked the saddest. Hawaii was deemed the happiest state.
The top 5 most bummed out cities were Beaumont, TX, Albany GA, Texas City, TX, Shreveport, LA and Monroe, LA.
The research also showed correlations with areas where there is more wealth and health, particularly obesity rates.
The researchers acknowledge that only 15 percent of adults online use Twitter, and 18-29 year olds and minorities tend to be more highly represented on Twitter than in the general population.
They also acknowledge that their collection of only around 10% of all tweets during the calendar year 2011 means that their data represents "a non-uniform subsample of statements made by a non-representative portion of the population."
Regardless, the research appears to suggest that perhaps Shreveporters can cheer up by hashtagging fewer four lettered words.