Younger men may develop an infection or inflammation of the prostate. In older men, the prostate enlarges and may obstruct the flow of urine from the bladder. By learning more about the prostate, you can better understand how these problems may be treated.
The prostate is a gland about the size and shape of a walnut. Stimulated by the male hormone testosterone, which is produced by the testes along with sperm, the prostate produces most of the semen in which sperm travel.
Abnormal Prostate and its Effects
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition that often begins between the ages of 40 and 45. It is due to hormonal changes that cause enlargement of the prostate gland. Problems with urinating and discomfort start when new prostatic tissue grows, obstructing the urethra and possibly affecting nerves near the prostate.
Cancer: If a cancerous tumor occurs, it is likely to begin in the outer portion of the prostate. These tumors rarely cause early symptoms. Despite this, an early-stage tumor may be detected during a physical exam. Or, an abnormal PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test can suggest a tumor
Infection and inflammation: Your prostate can become infected or inflamed (a condition called prostatitis). This may cause swelling of your prostate. You may feel a burning sensation while urinating, or see what looks likes pus in the urine. Some men also feel pressure or pain.