Q: What else besides controlling my serum glucose can I do to slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy?

A: Tight serum glucose [blood sugar] control is crucial, but so is controlling your blood pressure & cholesterol levels. Diabetic patients with high or fluctuating serum glucose levels, poorly controlled blood pressure, or high serum lipids are the most difficult to treat for diabetic retinopathy. That's why it is important to see your primary care physician to have these levels checked periodically. He or she can recommend the appropriate diet, weight loss, and exercise programs to keep these risk factors for diabetic retinopathy under control.