These life saving steps will help to
prevent and control P. A. D.
- Get help to quit smoking and set a quit date now.
- Lower your blood pressure to less than 140/90 mmHg or less than 130/80 mmHg if you have diabetes or chronic kidney disease.
- Lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol to lessthan 100 mg/dl or to less than 70 mg/dl if
you are at very high risk for a heart attack or stroke (if you smoke, have diabetes or havechronic kidney disease).
- Manage your blood glucose to reach anA 1C level of less than 7 and practice proper foot care if you have diabetes.
- Talk to your doctor about taking anti- platelet medicines such as aspirin or clopidogrel to prevent clotting.
- Follow a healthy eating plan to control your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood glucose (for diabetes).
- Get regular exercise such as walking for 30 minutes at least 3 or 4 times per week. If you have pain or cramps in your legs, ask your health care provider to refer you to aspecial PAD exercise program. Talk with your provider about using medicines such as cilostazol to improve your walking ability.
For most people with P. A. D., these life saving steps may be enough to control the disease, and your health care provider can refer you to a specialist for procedures or surgery to treat arteries that are severely blocked. These procedures often help people with P.A.D. to improve symptoms and to avoid losing a foot or leg.